This Day in History for March 19, 2017

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1863: On this day in history, the SS Georgiana, the most powerful cruiser of the Confederate States Navy, was destroyed. She was sunk off the present day Isle of Palms while attempting to breach the Federal blockade of Charleston, South Carolina, while carrying a million dollar cargo.

1865: On this day in history, the Battle of Bentonville begins. The battle would go on for two days and result in Confederate forces withdrawing from Four Oaks, North Carolina.

1918: Standard Time Act (or Act of March 19, 1918) comes into existence, time zones established and daylight saving time approved. Before this, a standard time in time zones was instituted in the U.S. and Canada by the railroads.

1920: On this day in history, the Treaty of Versailles is rejected by The United States Senate for the second time by a vote of 49-35, falling only seven votes short of a two-thirds majority which was needed for approval.

1931: On this day in history, Nevada state legislature votes to re-legalize gambling. The bill was passed in an attempt to attempt to lift the state out of the hard times of the Great Depression.

1932: The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened. It took 1400 men eight years to build it at a cost of 4.2 million.

1944: Nazi Germany forces occupy Hungary.

1945: On this day in history, the United States aircraft carrier, USS Franklin, is attacked off the coast of Japan and is damaged badly. 724 men would die onboard.

1945: Adolf Hitler issues his Nero Decree, ordering German infrastructure to prevent their use by Allied forces as they penetrated deep within Germany. He justified this step as a military necessity, but his intention was to destroy the German population as punishment for its defeat.

1954: On this day in history, Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a single miss during a straight pool exhibition. The record remains unbroken till date.

1958: The Monarch Underwear Company fire occurred at 623 Broadway, Manhattan. 24 people lose their lives and at least 15 are injured.

1962: Bob Dylan releases his first album. The album did contain two original songs: “Talkin’ New York” and “Song to Woody.”

1962: Algerian War of Independence ends resulting in the independence of Algerian and collapse of the French Fourth Republic. The war cost 300,000 Algerian causalities.

1976: C-SPAN broadcast the first television feed from the U.S. House of Representatives. That first televised congressional session reached just three million American cable and satellite homes.

2002: Zimbabwe is suspended from the councils of the Commonwealth on charges of human rights abuses and of electoral fraud.

2004: 3-19 shooting incident: An assassination attempt on Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian and the vice-president, Annette Lu. It happened just a day before the presidential election.

2008: GRB 080319B: A powerful gamma burst is recorded as the most distant object that could be seen with the naked eye.

2013: About sixty people are killed in a series of car and suicide bombings in and around Iraq’s capital, Baghdad. The event occurs just a day before the anniversary of the invasion of Iraq.

2016: A suicide bombing incident occurs in Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, killing five people and injuring 36. Turkish authorities hold the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) accountable.

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